Armstrong Undergraduate Journal of History


Why Was Celebrating the Olympic Games So Important in Hellenic Culture?

Luca Ricci
University of Adelaide

Participation in the Olympic Games created an environment, where individuals could aspire to great honors and city-states could symbolically assess their power and acquire prestige.  

“If I Pick Flowers”:  Posters, Popular Culture, and Gorbachev’s Reforms in the 1980s

James Masnov
Western Oregon University

The posters as primary sources offer valuable insight into the Soviet government’s desire to follow a new policy of transparency, and reveal the population’s desire to exploit the new policy of openness by addressing social ills in a public medium which had not been possible before.

Containing the Kalon Kakon: The Portrayal of Women in Ancient Greek Mythology

Dessa Meehan
Western Washington University

In ancient Greece, the portrayal of women in mythology as deceitful, manipulative, and the downfall of men corresponded with oppressive treatment and forced seclusion, which mirrored Greek patriarchal society.

From Silent Object to Vocal Subject:  An Analysis of the Historiography of American Slavery

Hadden Alexander
Baldwin Wallace University

As black people found their voices during the Civil Rights Movement, black slaves became actors in history. When historians heard the black voice in American politics and society, they began attributing similar voices to the slaves they wrote about. 

Changing Understandings of the American Civil War in Border Communities

Zachary Brown
Stanford University

The battlefields of the Civil War were only one part of a greater drama--what the war, and subsequently union and disunion, would come to mean. The border communities of Augusta County, Virginia and Franklin County, Pennsylvania attest to just how volatile and fundamental this drama was. 

The Vikings in the North Atlantic:  The Rise and Fall of the Greenland Colony

Caitlyn Floyd Geiger
Armstrong State University

This paper analyzes both textual and archaeological evidence for the Viking presence in Greenland and North America during the first half of the second millennium in order to better understand how they both found success and lost sustainability there.  

Great Strides: A History of Henson Aviation during the 1980s

Jennifer Dennis
Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

A Cradle of Sandstone: The Origins of Industry in Northern Ohio

Christian York Ellis
Baldwin Wallace University

Northern Ohio’s industrial identity persists into the twenty-first century due to a transformation sparked by sandstone quarries. Substantial attention has been given to the local histories and technical functioning of the quarries themselves, but what impact did they have on the people and other industries around them?

Res Publica Restituta?  Republic and Princeps in the Early Roman Empire

Zachary Brown
Stanford University

The Roman Peace was only possible because of the delicate balancing act that Augustus and his successors maintained throughout the Principate. Augustus set the stage by creating a regime that outwardly espoused the rhetoric of Res Publica Restituta while in reality allowing him to become master of the entire Roman state.

The American Decision to Blockade Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962

Wilson Alexander
Taylor University

The American decision to blockade the island of Cuba in response to the Soviet deployment of missiles to that island during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 was the result of consequence analysis on the part of the decision makers, as well as the compromising and combining of available options.

War and Politics in the Thought of Machiavelli

Alexander Amoroso
San Jose State University

Inside and Outside the Purple: How Armenians Made Byzantium

Michael Goodyear
University of Chicago

Armenian immigrants and Byzantines of Armenian descent constituted one of the key factors behind the longevity of the Byzantine Empire, positively impacting Byzantium in the fields of demographics, the military, imperial rule, economics, intellectualism, and religion.

The Role of Chernobyl in the Breakdown of the USSR

Bohdana Kurylo
University of London

The major role of the Chernobyl disaster was in highlighting the systematic failures of the government, and more importantly, the failure to establish trust between the government and the people of the USSR.

The Intelligence Failure of the Yom Kippur War of 1973

Stephen Spinder
Shippensburg University

Adam Smith and Religious Plurality in America

Drew Liquerman
College of William and Mary

Adam Smith was much more than an economic theorist. His writings, most importantly An Enquiry into the Wealth of Nations, greatly influenced James Madison in his thoughts on disestablishment of religion as written in “Memorial and Remonstrance against Religious Assessments,” in Federalist Nos. 10 and 51, and in the First Amendment’s Establishment and Free Exercise Clauses that constitute the foundation for the free society we live in today.

Women under the Law in Islamic Spain, 700s–1492

Daniel Dawson
Virginia Commonwealth University

From the Umayyad conquest of Iberia in the 700s through the completion of the Reconquista in 1492, Islamic culture and political thought permeated the peninsula.7.

Conserving Creativity:  The Roles of Clothing and Cuisine in the French Revolution

Karis Stubblefield
Brown University

Although the Revolution certainly challenged long-held traditions of the Old Regime, it simultaneously, and rather paradoxically, managed to preserve powerful notions of individualism and innovation that emerged in the years leading up to 1789, as exemplified by the development during this time of both French fashion and gastronomy.

An Imperial Revival:  Government and Religion under the Reign of Napoleon

Justin Butler
Kentucky Christian University

The French Revolution had a devastating affect on the Catholic Church, as well as religion itself throughout the nation of France. In his first substantial political maneuver Napoleon brought back out of revolutionary exile the Catholic Church in France. This action secured his place as a politician, showing that he could be a leader in areas other than the battlefield.

English Legal Thought, American Colonial Experience, and the Creation of the US Constitution

Roberto O. Flores de Apodaca
Concordia University

The United States’ Constitution is the fruit of centuries of legal thought and working institutions.

The Roles of Natural Environments in the American Civil War

Cameron Boutin
Northeastern University

Natural environments, from ecological landscapes to weather conditions, had a significant and influential role in nearly every part of the Civil War.

The Missus Organization: Eleanor Roosevelt and Her Contributions to the NYA

Kaitlyn Newman
Minnesota State University, Mankato

Palestinian Christians and Their Identity and Resistance in the Twentieth Century

Brandon Moist
Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania

Myth, Ritual, and the Labyrinth of King Minos

Nicole Tessmer
St. Louis University

By using the myth of Theseus and the Minotaur and comparing the tributes’ journey to a coming of age ritual, the story of King Minos labyrinth demonstrates the importance that the ancient Greeks placed on ritual…Upon walking the path, the children would experience a symbolic death and re-birth.

Christian Success or Pagan Assimilation? The Christianization of the Germanic-Speaking Tribes

Luca Ricci
University of Adelaide (Australia)

Contact with the Germanic cultures presented several difficulties that the evangelizers had to tackle in order to ensure a successful Christianization, which ultimately was characterized by a fusion of Germanic and Christian elements.

Claiming Thomas Jefferson: The Jeffersonian and Hamiltonian Genesis of American Progressivism

Paul Joseph Krause
Baldwin Wallace University

The language of Thomas Jefferson still resonates with modern progressivism and is evidence of that the allure of Jefferson, nearly two hundred years after his death, still holds much power in the American public conscience.

Flights of Fancy: The Debates over Transportations to the Witches’ Sabbat in Early Modern Europe

Emily Sosolik
Arizona State University

A careful examination of the works of influential authors in early modern Europe reveals that at its root, the debate over how accused witches were transported to the sabbat was not an argument over which mode of transportation was more plausible or common in witches’ confessions, but instead was a theological argument fueled by the Bible over which powers belonged to the devil and which belonged to God.

Confederate Nationalism and the Authenticity of Southern Ideology

Nicholas Vail
Trinity University

Southerners in the antebellum and Civil War period distinguished themselves from the North on religious, political, and cultural grounds, with slavery amplifying these differences. This Southern identity, not just for slaveholders, was formed around racism and obstinate resistance to the Federal Government that resonated so strongly it still lasts today.

“To Collect Their Shattered Energies”: Hammond Hospital and Military Mental Healthcare

Vinay Giri
Duke University

Hammond Hospital and Lyman Chamberlin served each other well through much of the Civil War, and the intersection of their stories provides a window into the development of wartime mental healthcare in the United States.

Philadelphia and the Fate of General Benedict Arnold

Cody Wells
Indiana University of Pennsylvania

Echoes from the Past: An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Vietnam War

Duc Tran
Brandeis University

A careful examination of historical documents from both Vietnam and the United States reveals that the Vietnam War functioned as an American war against Communists but at the same time represented the Vietnamese quest for national independence.  It also supports the further claim that the Vietnam War was an international conflict rather than a civil war

A Monolith of Defiance: King Hezekiah (c.715–686 BCE)’s Efforts to Fortify Judah

Eric A. Curry
Armstrong State University

The biblical, Assyrian, and archaeological records all suggest that King Hezekiah made a conscious effort to fortify his cities with food, water, and the construction of walls and other defenses

“Hey Skinny, Your Ribs Are Showing”: Charles Atlas and Masculinity in Early 20th-Century US

Conor Heffernan
Trinity College Dublin (Republic of Ireland)

During the heyday of his program from 1929 to 1948, Atlas claimed that it could provide qualities that American men believed they needed at that time, including a sense of control, increased sexual vigour, and attractiveness and a strong personality

Ebenezer and the Salzburgers’ Separatist Identity in Colonial Georgia

Francis Tannie Arnsdorff
Armstrong State University

Joseph’s Town and Its Plantations in Colonial Georgia

Heath Barrow
Armstrong State University

Despite the lack of slaves, harsh climate, and military diversions, the founders of Joseph’s Town developed two of the most important plantations in colonial Georgia and aided General Oglethorpe in his treaties with the Indians and battles against the Spanish.

Suffering in Silence: Psychological Disorders and Soldiers in the American Civil War

Sarah A.M. Ford
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania

1989 Tiananmen Incident and US-China Relations

Brittany Partridge
Georgia Southern University

The Reign of China’s Only Female Emperor from the View of An Unofficial History

Kelly Carlton
University of North Florida

While on the surface a simple anecdote of Confucian remonstrance and Buddhist recompense, Liu Su’s tale of Censor Pei and Buddhist monk Jingman paints a comprehensive picture of Tang society and Wu Zhao’s reign.

Paternalism and the Southern Hierarchy: How Slavery Defined Antebellum Southern Women

Erin R. Mulligan
Ramapo College of New Jersey

In the antebellum South, slavery was the thread that held the fabric of society together and defined the southern women. Slave ownership elevated the status of both genders, giving white women more power within the slaveholding system.

Women’s Higher Education and the Brain Drain in Iran

William K. Sham
Middle Tennessee State University

Untangling a Myth:  How the New Testament Elevated the Status of Women in the First Century

Frank Oesterheld
Armstrong State University

Over the millennia, Christianity acquired a reputation as the oppressive, male-dominated religion of the sexually repressed, a mere arm of authoritarian paternalism. Against the backdrop of Jewish literature, which was contemporary with the Bible, it becomes clear that this was never the case; first-century Christianity significantly elevated the status of women while staying within the protective boundaries of the Greco-Roman Household Codes.

West Meets East: KFC and Its Success in China

Hayden Drewery
University of North Florida

Although no stranger to fast food, China embraced KFC as a symbol of quality and well-packaged modernity, a shining beacon of American business in the heart of the East. KFC embraced China, adjusting the menu to local tastes while competitors, who had met with greater success elsewhere, attempted to peddle their well-worn wares to a disinterested public.

The Spider and Its Web: The Internet Control in China

Kyle Bridge
University of North Florida

The Difficulties and Stratifications of Early Sierra Leone, 1792-1823

Samantha Borders
Augusta State University

Placed under the oversight of the abolitionist founded Sierra Leone Company, who chose representatives to physically preside in Africa, it was planned that the land would act as a place of refuge and autonomy for the freed blacks to thrive and create their own country.

The Superwhale Myth:  The Motivations of the Japanese Government’s Pro-Whaling Policy

Meagan Chandler
Armstrong State University

The continuation of Japanese whale hunting has been condemned by the international community, but the reasons why the nation continues the practice are not often understood. An examination of the tradition of whaling in Japan and the conflict between Japan and the anti-whaling movement provides insight into the motivations of the Japanese government’s pro-whaling stance.

© 2019 Armstrong Undergraduate Journal of History, Online ISSN 2163-8551
A special initiative of the Department of History,
Armstrong State University, a University System of Georgia Institution